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Why was David Allowed to eat the Shewbread?

Posted by hystar on February 15, 2009

Ez Bible Study has moved to AdventBibleStudy.com

I will leave this free website up on wordpress, because to tell you the truth, there is so much information to move. And WordPress will only move a website if you purchase a web hosting package from them. Plus a few hundred dollars to press a button to make the move. Well I’m not rich. So the old website stays in, but all the new updates will be posted on AdventBibleStudy.com

That only makes sense. If you want to stay updated, subscribe to the new site. You’ll receive an email every time the website is updated. I am also added a front page offer for a free eBook every once in a while. The trouble that is, people download the free copy and sell it on Amazon, ebay, and other sites. The books are spread around, but I see no funds. I don’t like dealing with Internet pirates, but maybe one day they will pick open up a book and read it.

There are all kinds of new updates from Genesis to revelation, Bible Study tools, videos, and more. The transition should be easy, the site looks more professional, and has many more ways to interact media with the written word. It takes a bit of creativity, a lot of time and prayer, and unfortunately I feel the need to add ads to help pay for the extra expenses. The cost to stay on the Internet keeps going up. Domains cost money. The new site charges by the month, and all the costs keep rising. A few ad clicks a day will help pay the expenses.

I am new to the ad market, so if anyone has any suggestions, leave a comment. Wish me luck, and I will keep writing and posting stories and studies worth reading and sharing.

Thank you for your past and future support and God Bless….



At times there seems to be a verse that raises questions. One of these stories involves David and the shewbread.

KJV Matthew 12:3-4

3. But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; 4. How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?

KJV Mark 2:25-26

25. And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? 26. How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?


We see this story in both the book of Matthew and Mark. These two interpretations contain the same details, almost word for word. This is unusual in scripture, possibly telling us these text may contain an important lesson. The first step to study any text is to pray. With the guidance of the Holy Spirit the second step can be completed, which is to write the text in your own words , concentrating on the actions presented within the text.

Jesus said unto them, “have you not heard what David did, when he and his men were hungry. They went into the house of the Lord and eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat, except for the priests.

Looking at this text we see an important question to ask. If it was unlawful for David and his men to eat this shewbread, why did Jesus tell this story? To properly investigate this issue we need to find what text Jesus is referring to. Since the New Testament was not written the text must be located in the Old Testament. To find this text we can use a concordance or computer to search for the key words, David and shewbread, which will locate the following text.

KJV 1 Samuel 21:5-6

5. And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. 6. So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Samuel tells us David and his men had been kept from women for three days. Did this simple act allow them to eat the shewbread? To investigate this further we need to learn more about shewbread and the tabernacle.

KJV Leviticus 24:5-9

5. And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake. 6. And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the Lord. 7. And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the Lord. 8. Every Sabbath he shall set it in order before the Lord continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant. 9. And it shall be Aaron’s and his sons’; and they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the Lord made by fire by a perpetual statute.

Leviticus 24 details how the bread or cakes are prepared and arranged. This text also makes it clear these cakes are for Aaron, the high priest and his sons. These cakes are to be eaten in the holy place. This explains why Jesus said it was unlawful for David and his men to eat them.

KJV Leviticus 2:1-7

1. And when any will offer a meat offering unto the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon: 2. And he shall bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord: 3. And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’: it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the Lord made by fire. 4. And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil. 5. And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. 6. Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering. 7. And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.

Leviticus 2 show us bread or cakes are also referred to as meat. The next verse will explain why this point is important.

KJV Leviticus 22:10-11

10. There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing. 11. But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

Leviticus 22 confirms that no stranger, tenant, anyone lodging with the priest or any hired hand of the priest is allowed to eat the holy shewbread. If a priest buys any soul, a man, woman or child, that person has the right to eat it. This verse explains a part of the plan of salvation and why David was allowed to eat the shewbread.

Jesus told this story to the Pharisees for a reason. Jesus gave them the opportunity to search the scriptures. “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” KJV John 5:39 Every detail of the life of Jesus had a purpose. We may not know how many Pharisees were present when Jesus made this statement but we can be sure the Spirit was working on the hearts of all of them. It would not be surprising to meet someone in Heaven and hear the story of how these words impressed and convicted at least one person.

Today we have the New Testament which explains in detail the spiritual meaning of bread and the purchase Jesus made.

KJV Acts 20:28

28. Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

KJV 1 Corinthians 6:20

20. For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

KJV 1 Corinthians 7:22-24

22. For he that is called in the Lord, being a servant, is the Lord’s freeman: likewise also he that is called, being free, is Christ’s servant. 23. Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men. 24. Brethren, let every man, wherein he is called, therein abide with God.

KJV 2 Peter 2:1

1. But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.

The New Testament makes it clear Jesus purchased us with His blood. Since we are purchased with the blood of Jesus, our High Priest, we are allowed to eat the holy bread. Bread has at least two spiritual meanings.

KJV Luke 4:4

4. And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

Bread is the word of God.

KJV John 6:32-35

32. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. 33. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. 34. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. 35. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

Jesus is the bread of life. David eating the shewbread is an acted parable with a spiritual meaning revealed by studying the Bible. David represents those following God. As the parable teaches, the followers of God are purchased with the blood of Jesus. This purchase allows us access to the bread, which represents Christ and the word of God.

Make sure you check out some of the newer posts on David and his life as king of Israel. Many of them are listed on the side bar under Recent Posts. 

TTS Book 11 2Chronicles

eBook available here

The majority of this book looks at David, his life, the kingdom he built, and his relationship with the temple. It was David’s desire to build an elaborate stone temple dedicated to God. Was that what God really wanted? Of course there were a few changes between the Tabernacle Moses built, and the stone temple David planned for, and Solomon built. What were those changes, how did they come about, why did God allow them, and what effect did they have on the nation of Israel? I shouldn’t have to say this, but the answers are all in scripture. We don’t have to jump out of the Bible into history books, online videos, or any other sources. That is the beauty of the Bible, and one of the things this book does. If nothing else, this book looks back over previous stories in scripture showing how God knew what was going to happen long before it happened. When we take a serious look at scripture, we find where God warned about mistakes people made long before they thought about making them.




61 Responses to “Why was David Allowed to eat the Shewbread?”

  1. Cam said

    Hey, nice work. You did well finding all those referring scriptures etc. so thanks.

    I must say though, I think you’ve missed the point that Jesus was try to get across.
    Jesus broke ‘the law’ by working on the sabbath.
    David broke the law by eating the bread.

    I think we’re all looking too deeply into this one. I think Jesus was simply saying ‘who gives a shit?’ ‘Stop being so perscriptive and religious’ ‘If you’re hungry on a Sunday it only makes sense to eat a spot of grain, don’t beat yourselves up about it’

    I think it’s a side of Jesus we often cover up. Jesus was bad-ass in his day. He didn’t follow rules and THAT I feel, is something we need to learn from, not ignore.
    Sorry if that sounds a bit harsh, just my thoughts.
    Would like to hear what you think.


    • adventbiblestudy said

      Cam, I would suggest you look at the laws Moses recorded and compare them to the laws or as I refer to them, the amendments those religious leaders wrote. I’m not studying changes God’s laws endured over the years, but I am writing about the laws Moses recorded. There is a spiritual pattern to them. They are arranged on sets of groups, telling us which angel to view them from., There are different ways to study. We all know that. Few people seem to know how the Bible directs us on the right path, Its the simple use of context. When Moses tells Israel to look back, we look back for the answer. When Moses told Israel this was what to do when the entered the promised land, we look ahead for the answer in scripture. Laws are divided in sets. Some seem obvious and straight forward. Others quite strange, But look at whee the center, Some center on the opportunity to bless. Others center on the opportunity to avoid sin, when you look at the law in the right way. Take a look at them and see if you can pick up the patterns,.

  2. Scar said

    Cam, I respectfully disagree. Jesus did not break any of the laws of God, not one!

    P.S. The Sabbath is sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.

  3. hystar said

    Cam, did you read the study? It seems you missed most of the points.

  4. Linda Jaeger said

    I found your comments interesting and informative; however, they did not answer the queston. It could be stated this way, “Why were David & his men, who were not purchased as slaves by a priest, nevertheless allowed to unlawfully eat the showbread without suffering the sanctions of the law?

  5. adventbiblestudy said

    Linda, let’s not forget who the high priest is, who paid the ransom for all of us. Hebrews 5:9-10 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him; (10) Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.

    Good observation, I should have been more clear on this.

    • Linda Jaeger said

      Yes. Of course. Nevertheless, this was a thousand years before Jesus became our high priest at a time when Israel was bound by the Law of Moses. The Scripture is quite clear in stating that David and his men were not authorized to eat the showbread and that the priest was not authorized to share it with them. I’m sure you’re not suggesting that the Law was not binding on Israel duringn the time the Covenant was in force.

      • Linda, I agree, I think it has to do with God;s grace. David was also a murderer and should have been killed but wasn’t and Nathan even
        called him on it

  6. irshjewboi said

    @cam, Yeshua never broke any of God’s commandments, if he had, he would not of been “spotless” before the Lord and could NOT of had been messiah. Yeshua WAS all about rules, but he was all about his Fathers rules and not “mens” rules which had mixed and at atime over taken the word of God, see matt, where he is questioned about his disciples not washing their hands before eating, “for their lips praise me but their hearts are far away, for they teach man-made rules as if they where the word of God”

    as far as david eating the shewbread. i’ve been trying to find this torah passage, that alludes to the tribe of levite being under the autority of judah, but cant find it but i will try to make my point without it, i think Yeshua is saying something spiritual here about himself and his priesthood. david, is a “type” a shadow of messiah, of the tribe of judah. so, even though it was unlawfull for daivd to eat the shewbread according to the law of moses, he had a spiritual right to it, for levi was given and eternal, earthly priesthood, but the higher priesthood, the order of malchezidek belongs to the tribe of judah. therefor spiritually speaking, judah has the greater priesthood, and therefore has authority to eat the shewbread, even though it is unlawfull for him according to the order of the levites. i think scripture is telling us a furture spiritual truth about who the seed of david would be, now when i say judah i mean Messiah specifically, for he is the “lion of the tribe of judah” judah is representitive of messiah, and messiah represents judah. show when Yeshua bring this up, i think he wants us to recongnize that he has a spiritual authority that is greater then that of the levitical authority, of course this in now way negates the levitical authority, hebrews tells us that if messiah where here, right now, he would NOT be a priest! why? because the earthly priesthood was and is for the tribe of levite forever! the levites are the earthly priesthood, and messiah, is our heavenly priest. but this in now way negates God’s torah from being observed, i9n fact if we are truly in union with the spirit, and our priest, then we should be able to do the works of the laws in a way that is pure, and grounded in faith. anyways, i think this scripture shows us the supperiority of the malchezidek priesthood over the levitical priesthood. thats my 2 cents.
    blessings, peace and love in Yeshua. forgive me my bad spelling. peace james

    • rachel said


      I think you’ve done a great job on figuring why David was allowed to eat of the showbread. Have you found the verse that refers to the Levitcal tribe being under the tribe of Judah? That doesn’t ring a bell, but I’d be very curious if you’d found it. I am really trying to figure out what Yahshua is teaching us in this passage.

      And thanks for standing up for our Messiah. He never did break one “yod or one tittle” of the Law. Thankfully, he did bring salvation to all mankind and revelation of the Torah. And “the one who says he stays in him out to walk even as he walked.” That’s the truth! :D

    • I thought about David’s lineage as well…but what about the others?

  7. hystar said

    I know where you are going with your comment, but it is a different subject than that covered by this study. The explanation is simple like it should be. David was able to eat the shewbread because he has been purchased with the blood of Jesus.

  8. John said

    The Priest did not pay or receive any money from David so how could he eat the bread please explain am I missing somthing?

    • Heather said

      Jesus, though His perfect Sacrifice- the perfect, unblemished, Paschal Lamb- came ‘after’ the ‘time’ of David, the sacrifice covered ALL of time/ sins, past/ present/ future.

      For example, the Passover meal- of which, the perfect unblemished 1yr old male lamb was to be sacrificed, then the blood sprinkled upon the door, and EVERY bit of the paschal lamb eaten- has one more ‘must do’, and that is after eating (all in the household, the young to the old, has to eat a minimum of an olive size) the head of the house would tell of the (‘original’) Passover, BUT, they spoke in the present tense, that God saved ‘them’, at that moment, throughout all of time & space. That ‘original’ Passover was literally taking place at that moment, and for them, even if 100yrs passed from the Exodus. Every year, the memorial/ rememberance of the Passover, was truly/ literally happening and God’s Mercy protected ‘them’ (each individual)- kinda of like a worm hole in time & space; a great mystery indeed.

  9. adventbiblestudy said

    KJV Leviticus 22:10-11

    10. There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing. 11. But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

    Leviticus 22 confirms that no stranger, tenant, anyone lodging with the priest or any hired hand of the priest is allowed to eat the holy shewbread. If a priest buys any soul, a man, woman or child, that person has the right to eat it. This verse explains a part of the plan of salvation and why David was allowed to eat the shewbread.

  10. Jason said

    There was only 1 covenant for the believer since Abraham’s day. The law or Mosaic covenant WAS ADDED to point people that were the natural seeds (plural) of Abraham to realize that the Abrahamic Covenant (which still stands today Gal 3:29) is for the believer SEED (singular) of Abraham. Jesus who was the promised seed and David who understood covenants realized that the Mosaic covenant was for the unbeliever to point them to Messiah SEED of Abraham. FOR WE ARE AND WERE ALWAYS CONSIDERED 1 BODY OF CHRIST IN THE FATHERS EYES!! SEED OF ABRAHAM!

    • Jason said

      There was only 1 covenant for the believer since Abraham’s day. The law or Mosaic covenant WAS ADDED to point people that were the natural seeds (plural) of Abraham to realize that the Abrahamic Covenant (which still stands today Gal 3:29) is for the believer SEED (singular) of Abraham. Jesus who was the promised seed and David who understood covenants realized that the Mosaic covenant was for the unbeliever to point them to Messiah SEED of Abraham. FOR WE ARE AND WERE ALWAYS CONSIDERED 1 BODY OF CHRIST IN THE FATHERS EYES!! SEED OF ABRAHAM!

      I challenge anyone to show me in the bible (not your opinion) how this is not fact. That for the believer there is and always was since Abraham only 1 Covenant. The Abrahamic Covenant did not end after the 10 plagues of Egypt like most people think. I guess they forgot to read the rest of the the bible Gal 3:29 and the book of Hebrews.

      • Jason said

        The only difference between Abraham and us is that it was accounted (future) to him for righteousness cause he believed. 1Cor says we were made the righteousness of God because we believe. (past tense) Thank Jesus for the cross and resurrection!!

      • D said

        Jeremiah 31:31

      • Jean-Luc said

        Jeremiah 31:31 … Behold the days are coming says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Judah. 32: not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the DAY that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt.

        God is referring (through) Jeremiah to the PASSOVER covenant. (Salvation from Egypt)

        The new Covenant is Jesus.
        Mark 14:24 … “This is My blood of the new covenant which is shed for many”….

        There is indeed a new covenant. But the Law of God (Mosaic Law) remains just as Jesus says in

        Matthew 5:17 … 1′ Do not think I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I didn’t come to destroy but to fufill. For assuredly,
        I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.

        The Law remains until heaven and earth pass away.

  11. Rachel said

    One must first understand the meanings of “table” and “tables”…

  12. God gives law to help man. Galations 3:19, Romans 4:20. For example, he gave the 10 commandments to the Jews after they had spent many years as slaves. During this time, the Jews had degenerated very far morally. So God gave them law: do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false witness, . . . . Apparently the Jews at that time had problems with murder, adultery, theft, and perjury. This wasn’t enough to straighten them out, so God gave them more laws, including laws for the tabernacle services.

    But the purpose of these laws was always to benefit them. David understood this, so he had no problem eating the shewbread (and violating the tabernacle service rules) when he and his men were seriously hungry. He reasoned that the temple law, given for man’s benefit, should not be interpreted to deny him food when he needed it.

    So when Jesus was accused of breaking the Sabbath, he reminded his accusers of the purpose of the Sabbath law: the Sabbath was made for man. And therefore the Sabbath should not be interpreted to deny Jesus’s hungry men food. Just like the tabernacle service law was not to be interpreted to deny David’s hungry men food.

    In a following incident (Mark 3, Luke 6), Jesus faces essentially the same problem. This time the Pharisees were interpreting the Sabbath law as baring the healing of a man with a withered hand. Jesus asked, “Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?” (Lk 6) Mathew quotes Jesus as comparing the man to common animals: “What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.”

    The point is that law is given to benefit man, and this should always be kept in mind when interpreting it.

    • adventbiblestudy said

      I think you missed the point brought out in the study. David had already been purchased from the world of sin by the High Priest, Jesus. As shown in the study, this allowed David to eat the shewbread. It had nothing to do with personal choice to follow or not follow ceremonial laws.

      • Naeem bourne said

        I was missing this point too. How was David purchased by Jesus, the High Priest. No one was purchased until after Jesus came and died and rose again

      • adventbiblestudy said

        A basic simple message. Imagine if those priests had caught on. Some did… we see that in Acts.

    • Mens Sana said

      “The point is that law is given to benefit man, and this should always be kept in mind when interpreting it.”

      This kind of logic is circular? We were given the Law to be able to discern between right and wrong. Now you want to “interpret” the Law by what you think is “beneficial”.
      By which standard do you evaluate the “benefit”?

      We must obey the Law because we believe its for our own benefit (God said so) even if we don’t immediately see the benefit.

  13. Eugene said

    There’s no doubt that Daniel has it right. The scriptures quoted can not be any clearer. David understanding…….. , I doubt. In addition read 1Sa 22:10 “And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.” David requested, Ahimelech consulted God and only thereafter was the request granted which reminds me of Luk 11:11. Considering all scriptures quoted and opinions raised it is quite possible that the study dwells to an unneccesary depth and is merely God being Jehova Jireh God our provider….everyday

  14. Kind of shows how quickly anything can be taken out of context when placed in the imaginations of men. Here is a prime example. Comments on Jesus braking the law and the Sabbath when scripture never comes close to saying any such thing.
    Matthew 12:1-2 At about that time Jesus was walking through some grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry, so they began breaking off some heads of grain and eating them. (2) But some Pharisees saw them do it and protested, “Look, your disciples are breaking the law by harvesting grain on the Sabbath.”

    His disciples were hungry
    your disciples are breaking the law

    I prefer to keep everything within the proper context of the scripture. To do that we simply learn the theme from the previous texts. In this case, the previous chapter.

  15. John said

    Why do you allow curse words?

    • adventbiblestudy said

      Wasn’t aware there were any.

      • Miguel said

        I’ve been discussing a similar issue and this was brought up. (More towards the issue of breaking law or commands- ‘sin’) Do you think that this would be a case where the disciples or David broke law and were in sin? I guess where I’m getting at is, does saying ‘that Christ has paid it all’ excuse us from breaking laws?

      • adventbiblestudy said

        My study looked at the texts Jesus referred to and the circumstances they revealed. It is a look at the whole story based on scripture. Once Jesus died, He opened the path to God’s throne (Hebrews 10) and also reestablised the role of priest to all His followers in addition to making us all heirs to His Kingdom.

  16. frank said

    THE ANSWER to why David ate the bread is very clear he was rejected as king just as jesus christ was .so there for as long as he was rejected all things are common on to him see verse 5

    • D said

      I’m glad i scrolled down to your post. A lot of conversation here but most everyone seems to be missing the biggest clue in the text (vs. 5) where David refer’s to the bread as being in a manner that is “common”…..meaning that as long as he (David) was being rejected as King, then nothing was “right” in the eye’s of God. Jesus quoted referenced this passage because (at that time) he was also being rejected.

      • adventbiblestudy said

        Good point. I didn’t see it that simple. Guess God’s Spirit is working on all channels these days.

  17. Tina Auten said

    This Really Opened My Eyes To This Scripture! Such A Good Study On This!

  18. Mens Sana said

    The explanation sounds nice at first, but I find the interpretation forcefully brought out, although I don’t have a good explanation so far.

    To make things clear first, I don’t think Jesus broke the Sabbath. He just broke the law of the pharisees, who considered taking a few grains as “harvesting”.

    Then, in 1 Samuel 21 David has a little embarrassing behavior: first he lied the priest for some bread, and later he runs to the Israel’s archenemy, the Philistines, pretending to be crazy, to save his life. As Philistines said, you can hardly recognize here the war hero that stood against Goliath and fought the Philistine army so many times. “David represents those following God. ” – seriously? In this passage?

    There is no doubt with what the Shewbread and the corresponding ritual represents, but:

    – David was still under the Old Covenant.
    – If David was “purchased with the blood of Jesus”, so were all the others, Jesus died for all the people, so who were those rules for?

    So I think we should study more and pray more for a better understanding.

    • adventbiblestudy said

      Just completed a study on the law and why it was related to food in certain chapters, When context is taken into consideration you can see one relationship between God’s law and food. What happened when God gave Israel manna? It was not enough for them. They asked for more. Is there a relationship with the law? Some people want to ignore the law. Ya, show me one kingdom or government with no law. How long is that going to last? When Israel crossed the wilderness, God provided everything they needed, food, water, their clothes did not wear out. They asked for more. They had to add things they wanted, but didn’t really need. The same lesson with the stone temple. It was designed larger, grander, instead of one laver, they made 12. Every item was changed to make it grander. Calling attention to the physical item which led to loosing the spiritual meaning. As time went by they attacked the law, adding more and loosing the meaning of God’s simple law.

    • SJ QUAN said

      These sound good but I agree, it does not give the answer. A price had to be paid and David paid the price he and his men went without having sex. So call Christians skip around the facts that one of the laws God hated was for his chosen to have sex outside of their ethnicity. David didn’t kill Goliath because of God but for the love of a woman that he didn’t get. Those Bible characters were just like the men of today.

      • adventbiblestudy said

        Never heard of a law in the Bible about outside of their ethnicity. I have no idea about your comment concerning David, Goliath, and a woman. Are you confusing a few stories?

  19. Janice A. said

    Can anyone help me to understand how someone might use David eating the shewbread to justify using your tithe to pay for Bible College?

  20. SJ QUAN said

    SCAM, SCAMS, always be careful of SCAMS in the names of Religion. People use any and everything to justify getting money. I called these people pulpit pimps. You will not find today where many Christian groups will tell you to stop tithing but in the Old Testament at one point they were told to stop. Each tribe had some kind of product to bring into the storehouse to feed the people except the Levites tribe that maintain the temple. This was the barter system not the money system. You had sheep herders, crop keepers and the like as an example that gave the best so that all could live and the best was given to God first for sin offering. Read II Chronicles 31 as a start. At one point there was so much that they were told to stop. Jesus didn’t come to destroy the law. In tithing he told us the more you give the more you will receive. Instead of the 10% give willingly from the heart, i.e. 1% but don’t expect to get a large blessing in return. This is another subject entirely. Don’t be fooled run away from people saying things like that. However be in mind that some groups may collect money calling it an offering using the giving to help others in college.

    To Adventibiblestudy comment don’t go by what you heard read the Bible. I too didn’t know about the truth why David went to kill Goliath until I was told to read what David asked of the King. Yes, God was with David and David did say who is Goliath, you know the story who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of God. Also know what uncircumcised and uncircumcised meant in that time and who was and was not circumcised. Read what David was seeking after hearing Goliath noise.
    I didn’t say there was a law about Ethnicity. The Samaritan were Jews that married within the Gentile group. The Jews did not like them that is where jesus used the parable about the Priest and Jews left a man in the streets. The Samaritans some may call Neo-Jeriboamites, the pagan half -jews. The Samaritans were a pagan sect that grew out of the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim after their deportation in 722 BC into Assyria by Shalmaneser. It has been said that the Samaritans and the Jews are historic enemies. In the New Testament, Jesus used the parable of the good Samaritan as an example of how lost Samaritans can be more moral than those who consider themselves saved.

    • adventbiblestudy said

      Actually Samaritans refer to people from Samaria which was the capital of the 10 northern tribes of Israel. People have been putting their personal spin on this for so many years the spiritual implications are all but lost. I prefer to stick with God’s plain word and let His Spirit explain the details, symbols and their meanings.
      1 Kings 16:23-24 NLTse Omri began to rule over Israel in the thirty-first year of King Asa’s reign in Judah. He reigned twelve years in all, six of them in Tirzah. (24) Then Omri bought the hill now known as Samaria from its owner, Shemer, for 150 pounds of silver. He built a city on it and called the city Samaria in honor of Shemer.
      1 Kings 16:28-29 NLTse When Omri died, he was buried in Samaria. Then his son Ahab became the next king. (29) Ahab son of Omri began to rule over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of King Asa’s reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria twenty-two years.

      I’m sure with a little cooperation with God’s Spirit you can begin to learn the spiritual implications associated with Samaria.

  21. Tara said

    In response to why David was able to eat the shewbread:

    Jesus gave the critics a true riddle to ponder with the story from I Samuel 21:6 about David receiving the sacred bread from the tabernacle at Nob. The consecrated bread in the tabernacle was replaced every Sabbath, and it was to be eaten by the priests alone (or someone the priest bought w/his money). But David and his men ate the bread, and Ahimelech allowed it.

    The event in David’s life resembles what happened w/Jesus and the disciples in Luke 6:1. Jesus can be compared to David, the disciples to David’s men, and the Pharisees to Doeg the Edomite and Saul’s men who were pursuing David. So it seems Jesus was claiming to have a moral and royal authority like David. Jesus and his disciples were doing God’s work, as David had been, and Jesus had the authority to authorize his disciples to pick grain in a field on the Sabbath. Jesus was using the David story as a sort of parable and illustration of his authority.

  22. Twila Rossetti said

    Thank God he is a reasonable God, full of mercy, compassion, and rightful judgement.

  23. Twila Rossetti said

    Also if you will remember Paul who ate no meat, simply for the love of a friend,and could have eaten it lawfully, refused to consume, David because of the importunity, ate the shew bread lawfully, which was unlawful to consume.. God does not judge as man does.

  24. Well, what I’m wondering is this… Did Jesus confuse Abiathar and Ahimelek? The Messiah said it was Abiathar, but in the Hebrew Scriptures, it says it was Ahimelek (who, if I remember correctly is Abiathar’s father). Perhaps Jesus really said Ahimelek and not Abiathar, so Mark was mistaken when he wrote this passage? Or, maybe the writer of 1 Samuel had it wrong and it was Abiathar and not Ahimelek? Then again, what if both Mark and 1 Samuel are correct (because the Bible has no errors, no?)…. Then the Messiah did make a mistake here? He is God, yes? Can someone explain how these passages can be reconciled?

    • adventbiblestudy said

      It may be due to the two languages used, Hebrew and Greek. I’ve noticed that a number of times. Check the dictionaries. I see the same thing especially in Daniel originally written in Hebrew and other languages. What many people think refers to the name of a Persian king is actually a title meaning king or ruler. This has led to a lot of misinterpretation through the years.

  25. zachreynm said

    Thank you Hystar for this wonderful job of connecting the dots! But I am wondering about what Jesus, aka Yeshua, said concerning David and the shewbread. Yeshua said that it was unlawful for them to eat the shewbread but it turns out that it actually was lawful. So did Yeshua lie, in a sense?

    YHWH bless you!

    • adventbiblestudy said

      There is a lot more. Like look at the comparison between David and a slave on the spiritual level. Not many people care to look at those levels, but they are there.

  26. michael said

    Yea awesome comments from the post and I have learnt a lot from various comments..the word of God can be shown or reveled in different dimentions.you can read the bible a 100times and get different rhema base on what God wants you to learn at diddferent points in time..david eating the bread was unlawful cus it wasn’t meant for them and while I studied matt 12v4-5 I saw that jesus was also referring to the intent of the heart..humans are meant to desire, and desire goes with intentions and motives why a thing is done and desired..some ppl could desire something even when they re satisfied such motives become lust ,greed..david was justified because he and his men were utterly hungry and hard to eat just anything available at that time..and the priest gave to them as their intent was outta a pure heart and God didn’t count it against him..and dis was allowed to bring to a time when circumsition of the flesh won’t make us justified by obeying the law but by circumsition of the heart by his spirit that we re accepted and justified of christ(law of the spirit of christ).a time when a man would be weighed and justified by the intent of his heart . jesus’ intention was not to satisfy his greed but out of a pure and clean intention .your intentions and motives behind WHAT you do and HOW you do it is what determines if its lawful before God or not irrespective of what men think(both believers and unbeliever)

    • adventbiblestudy said

      Thanks. That’s the way Bible Study is supposed to work. When people see a lot more than what is on the paper. Or screen in this case. That is what we refer to as the Spirit working.

  27. Chris said

    Huh…I’m glad so many have taken a swing at this…I’ve learned alot.

    Ive been drilling down on Jesus’s Points on this…How about….

    1) Sabbath is a provision God makes for Man so that he can spend time finding refuge in God and not be burdened with work. This makes it ok to eat if he is hungry.

    2) Showbread is a provision Man made for God, and violating that was alot more serious than eating individual grains in a field.

    3) Jesus authorized the second as proof that the first was OK.

    4) David walked with Jesus as evidenced by a number of psalms….its clear that the pre-incarnate Christ walked with David and was part of David’s experience. David even claims Him as the best refuge in Psalm 2.

    5) When Jesus shows up, you are in the presence of God himself. He has authority to choose provisions and appropriate them directly. Thats why he declares himself Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28, and also points out that “something greater that the temple is here” in the parallell passage in Matt 12:6.

    6) Abiathar was the son of Ahimilech and was being trained to replace him at the time. (Thats how he knew about the Ephod…etc after his father was killed) Its likely that Ahimilech was directing Abiathar to do the tasks for him as his “runner”

    7) Jesus refers to Abiathar for a good reason. He often adds slight details to things that we can only “read about” The reason for this is that Jesus Christ has always existed. His knowledge of the situation with David at Nob was more than from just reading….it was personal. Notice…he also says David “entered the house of God” where no such detail is given in 1 Sam 21.

    8) See here:

    Jesus was with David when he fled from Saul.

    Jesus was with Ahimelech during his inquiry…and provided the answer.

    • adventbiblestudy said

      There are dozens of directions those stories can lead us. Many of them are on a personal level. I prefer to write about the stories after I read through them and comment about lessons and how the same lesson is taught in different stories. When we see those parallels, we see sides of God many people never knew existed. Feel free to share more.

      • Chris said


        Is there something I missed in the stories?

        I have read them and I’m right in the middle of studying Mark 2 / 1 Sam 21 / Matt 12 / Hosea 6 / Ex 25 / Lev 24

        What have I missed?

        Thanks ahead…


  28. Sandi Allen said

    Well explained, thank you

    • adventbiblestudy said

      Thanks Sandi…. I’d like to see other people post short studies telling what they found in scripture.

  29. Precious said


    We all are making good points here as we understand.I want to say here that Jesus was pointing the Jews here to the case of David because he needed to make a point over a particular issue. So he had to draw their attention to a particular incidence they are physically aware of which was similar to the present issue he wanted to address .The Jews so much held to their dogmatic way of religion so Jesus them made understand that the God of sabbath is here in person and that could sometimes change his order as he did in the case of David when there was need and necessity for it.By this message he had concluded the idea by pointing them to the era they are in.God bless you all

  30. Ochieng said

    Asbolutely awesome

  31. ken said

    Jesus’ disciples were accused of breaking the Sabbath law (Pharisee’s hypocritical view of Law) – analogous to Trump Jr email to Russian diplomat being held up as treason. What Jesus’s disciples did was allowed by God, not by Pharisees.

    Jesus points to a real case of breaking Moses’s law – that they ignored in their hypocrisy (David violated Lev 24:9) analogous to all the emails “lost” by Hillary. Jesus said what David did was “unlawful”. That settles it.


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